Archive for marzo, 2011

Ciudad de Panamá,  21 de marzo del 2011 CINUPTodos los años el mundo conmemora el aniversario de la matanza de Sharpville de 1960, en la que docenas de manifestantes pacíficos fueron muertos a tiros por la policía en la Sudáfrica del apartheid sólo por protestar contra las leyes discriminatorias en función de la raza.


miércoles, 16 de marzo de 2011
ASIA NEWS MARCH 16, 2011, 3:42 P.M. ET

Officials Try to Cool Spent Nuclear Fuel


TOKYO—Officials grappled Wednesday with the new task of cooling overheating spent nuclear fuel at the Fukushima Daiichi power plant, the facility at the center of Japan’s escalating nuclear crisis, as radiation contamination spread on the plant’s grounds and seeped out in small amounts to nearby communities.As the battle to regain control of the troubled nuclear-power plant entered its sixth day Wednesday, the focus shifted to waste fuel kept at storage pools related to two of the plant’s six reactors. Water temperatures in these pools shot up, raising the risk of melting of fuel rods or hydrogen explosions in the pools designed to keep waste fuel cool and inactive.

A spokesman for the utility operator, Tokyo Electric Power Co., said smoke rising from the plant’s No. 3 reactor indicates that a pool of water where spent fuel rods are stored within the building had dried out. Officials still have not succeeded in filling the pool with water, which could cool them down and act as a buffer against radiation. Earlier, officials said they worried that the reactor itself had been damaged, but later played down the possibility.

High radiation levels above the plant forced Japan’s military to cancel plans to dump water from a military helicopter to cool the spent-rod pools at reactor No. 3 and another reactor, No. 4. High levels of radiation on the ground also hampered efforts to spray water from fire trucks, following consecutive fires at the plant’s No. 4 reactor’s waste fuel pool on Tuesday and Wednesday.


Ciudad de Panamá,  16 de marzo del 2011 CINUP

En ocasión del Centenario del Día Internacional de la Mujer, el Comité Panameño por los Derechos Humanos y las Naciones Unidas, a través de su Centro de Información en Panamá, CINUP, distinguirán a doce (12) mujeres panameñas que han sido artífices de la historia de los derechos de las mujeres en Panamá.Este evento tendrá lugar el día Miércoles, 23 de Marzo a las 10:00am en las instalaciones del Centro de Información de las Naciones Unidas en Panamá, CINUP, ubicado en la Ciudad del Saber, edificio 128, diagonal al Programa Mundial de Alimentos, PMA.



Entre las doce mujeres que serán distinguidas, tenemos a una Ex -Presidenta de la República, una ex-legisladora, dos periodistas y ocho profesionales todas con una larga trayectoria en defensa y promoción de los derechos humanos de las mujeres, así como de transparencia y participación ciudadana.



Hace un siglo, cuando el mundo conmemoró por primera vez el Día Internacional de la Mujer, la igualdad entre los géneros y el empoderamiento de la mujer eran ideas bastante radicales. En este centenario celebramos los notables progresos que se han hecho, gracias a una promoción enérgica de estas ideas, la adopción de medidas prácticas y la formulación de políticas progresistas. A pesar de ello, son demasiados los países y sociedades en los que la mujer continúa siendo un ciudadano de segunda clase.


Este año, la creación de la Entidad de las Naciones Unidas para la Igualdad entre los Géneros y el Empoderamiento de las Mujeres (ONU-Mujeres) demuestra la intención de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas de seguir trabajando en pro de los derechos de la mujer y su participación en igualdad en la vida política y económica.


El Centenario del Día Internacional de la Mujer es una ocasión para reflexionar sobre los avances conseguidos, exigir cambios y celebrar los actos de valor y decisión de mujeres comunes que han desempeñado una función extraordinaria en la historia de los derechos de la mujer. Sólo cuando las mujeres participen plenamente y en pie de igualdad en todos los sectores de la vida pública y privada podremos esperar tener la sociedad sostenible, pacífica y justa prometida en la Carta de las Naciones Unidas.


Para mayor información, por favor póngase en contacto con Jiesselinde González al 301-0035, 301-0036 o al Centro de Información de las Naciones Unidas en Panamá, CINUP Esta dirección de correo electrónico está protegida contra los robots de spam, necesita tener Javascript activado para poder verla o a Esta dirección de correo electrónico está protegida contra los robots de spam, necesita tener Javascript activado para poder verla

Boletín No. 08 /16 de  Marzo de 2011


Source: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)

Date: 15 Mar 2011

Full_Report (pdf* format – 327,5 Kbytes)
Highlights/Key Priorities

· There has been a third explosion at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant

· Radiation from the nuclear plant has reached harmful levels within the evacuation zone

· Emergency relief operations enter into their fifth day with some areas still inaccessible

· Food, water and fuel are reported to be running short in some parts of Japan

· Significant areas of the country remain without power and water
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Wally Santana/Associated PressEvacuees from Koriyama City, Fukushima Prefecture, were screened for radiation exposure at a testing center on Tuesday. By KEITH BRADSHER and HIROKO TABUCHI Published: March 15, 2011


TOKYO — A small crew of technicians braved radiation and fire through the day on Tuesday as they fought to prevent three nuclear reactors in northeastern Japan from melting down and to stop storage pools loaded with spent uranium fuel pods from bursting into flames.



Tunis, 9 March 2011 – Concluding a two-day visit to Tunisia, the heads of UNHCR and IOM called for continued international momentum as people continue to flee Libya by the thousands.

UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Antonio Guterres and IOM Director General William Swing noted that the joint IOM-UNHCR humanitarian evacuation initiative had dramatically relieved the overcrowding at the border with the immediate airlift response of governments. Within days, tens of thousands of Egyptians were flown home.

“Our immediate goal is to ensure that every migrant worker that has fled Libya  can go home safely and in dignity as quickly as possible. They have suffered enough ” Mr. Swing said, noting the need to increase significantly the number of evacuation flights, particularly to Bangladesh. This will require enhanced international support.

“An open border is the most precious thing you can have in a refugee crisis,” Mr. Guterres said. “At a moment of tragedy, the Tunisian government and its people are setting an example of humanitarian generosity by opening their borders and their homes.“.”

Mr. Guterres and Mr Swing called on the international community to demonstrate the same kind of generosity with Tunisia as they are showing to those fleeing Libya by offering meaningful support to the Tunisian people.

Mr. Swing and Mr. Guterres held meetings today with the President, the Prime Minister and a number of other key senior government officials to express their thanks for the unlimited generosity and humanity Tunisia is displaying toward those fleeing the violence.

During a one-day visit to the Ras Adjir border and the Choucha UNHCR-run transit camp where 15,000 people, mostly Bangladeshis, await evacuation, Mr. Swing and Mr. Guterres, recognized the large-scale efforts by the Tunisian government, civil society and the Red Crescent, together with international organizations, to assist each and every individual crossing their border.

The two agency heads warned that as the fighting escalates inside Libya, the situation could quickly become acute again. At the height of the influx, some 14,000, mostly migrant workers, crossed on a single day. UNHCR and IOM, together with the broad humanitarian community, are strengthening contingencies to prepare for an eventual massive inflow of people across the border.

Of particular concern to UNHCR are the people crossing in increasing numbers who stem from war-torn countries like Somalia, who cannot be returned to their countries of origin. Mr. Guterres is appealing to developed countries to work closely with UNHCR in finding joint solutions for their future.

IOM and UNHCR will continue their joint efforts to fully support the Tunisian people and the government as they generously welcome all those fleeing the tragic developments in Libya.


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19 February – 4 March


Panama headquarters of the UN Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean

Crítica, La Estrella, Panamá América and El Siglo (25 February) state that Panama will be the headquarters of the United Nations Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean. On 24 February Vice President and Foreign Minister Juan Carlos Varela and Regional Director of the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) María Noel Vaeza signed a memorandum of understanding for the construction of the offices.

Peruvian women part of UN peace keeping forces

Ellas (25 February) states that 23 women of the Peruvian Air Force will form the first female contingent that will participate in United Nations peace keeping operations. Lt. Col. Dante Gallegos Rengifo explained that the group has received special training to work in war zones and areas struck by natural disasters. At the moment Peru is taking part in the United Nations peace keeping mission in Haiti.




Panamá América, La Estrella and La Prensa (26 February) states that United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has urged the United Nations Security Council to take “concrete actions” to stop the violence in Libya. Ban Ki-moon added that “it’s time for the Security Council to consider concrete action. The hours and the days ahead will be decisive for Libyans and their country, with equally important implications for the wider region”. La Prensa (27 February) states that the Security Council has imposed an arms embargo against Libya and issued a travel and asset ban on Muammar Gaddafi and his family. El Siglo (26 February) states that the United Nations Human Rights Council has adopted a resolution to consider suspending Libya’s right to membership.  The Council has also called for an investigation into human rights abuses in Libya. La Estrella (26 February) quotes United Nations High Commissioned for human Rights Navi Pillay when she asked the world “to step in vigorously and end the government’s brutal suppression of protests in Libya”.

El Siglo, La Prensa (27 February), Panamá América and La Estrella (26 February) state that the United States government will impose unilateral sanctions against Libya. President Barack Obama said that Gaddafi lost legitimacy and needs to leave immediately.



Inequality in Panama

La Prensa, El Siglo and La Estrella (23 February) report on the 2010 Human Development Report (HDR), presented by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). According to the report the conditions of life of the Panamanians have improved a lot over the last 20 years. Panama moved from an index of 0.64 in 1990 to 0.75 in 2010, which means life expectancy and access to education and public health care have increased. Despite the fact that Panama is listed among the 43 counties with a high Human Development Index (IDH) there is a lot of inequality and poverty in parts of the country. Panama ranks 54th on the Human Development Index, but would lose 20 points if the inequality variable would be applied.

Changes Mining Code still causing conflict

La Estrella and El Siglo (23 February) report on the agreement about the controversial changes to the mining code, which two representatives of the Ngäbe Buglé indigenous people and the Panamanian Government signed on 21 February. According to two representatives of the Coordinating Traditional Congress of the Ngäbe Buglé comarca the people who signed the agreement had been bought over, as a result of which the agreement is a farce. Rogelio Moreno, who signed the agreement on behalf of the Ngäbe Buglé, had no right to do so as only the Ngäbe Buglé Congress can agree upon an agreement or resolution.

(At this time the Cabinet revoked the controversial mining law.)


Election of ombudsman criticized

La Prensa (4 March) reports on the election of Patria Portugal as ombudsman in Panama. Various groups within the civil society questioned the election, stating that Portugal became ombudsman because President Martinelli wanted so and that the appointment of Portugal will further weaken an institution that has never been independent in the first place. Juan Jované stated that Martinelli’s support demonstrates that the government tells the other state organs what to do, which can be called authoritarianism. Rafael Chavarría stated that the election of the new ombudsman shows that democracy is at risk in Panama.